Publications

Toner Cartridge Recycling Initiative in Luganville

This case study describes a recycling scheme introduced in September 2013 to residents of Luganville, Vanuatu through a partnership involving the Municipal Council, a local business, a New Zealand based recycling company, and Pacific Direct Line—a shipping company. Through this partnership, printer toner cartridges, cell phones, and cell phone batteries (considered hazardous wastes) are being collected and safely recycled in New Zealand. This reduces the pollution associated with disposal of such waste to land.

Case Study: Toner Cartridge Recycling Initiative in Luganville

Scrap Metal Management in American Samoa

This case study describes a scrap metal removal project implemented by the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA). ASPA has the mandate for providing national solid waste management services (collection, recycling, treatment, disposal) in American Samoa. The project was implemented through an international tender, and resulted in the removal of well over 6,000 tons of scrap metal from American Samoa. This case study is useful for any waste management agency or government department seeking solutions to managing large quantities of legacy scrap metal and derelict equipment.

Case Study: Scrap Metal Management in American Samoa (485 kb)

Improved Waste Management in Kiribati

By the late 1990s Kiribati was in a waste crisis. The primary problem was on South Tarawa, the capital, and home of approximately one half of the country's people. There were no engineered landfills, and litter was extremely common and thick, in all built up areas and surrounding beaches. Piles of waste often remained uncollected in the streets for weeks. Programmes were instituted by the Ministry of Environment, the ADB, and SPREP to turn the situation around. By 2002, a programme called SAPHE1 was underway, building two landfills, funded through an ADB loan to the Government, and FSP Kiribati had completed a programme called KEEP (Kiribati Environmental Education Programme) which focused on home waste management, and laid the basis for a more integrated approach. The Ministry of Environment coordinated closely with both these projects. Some analysis of these programmes was conducted by SPREP in the report for the WASTE project Community-Based Waste Management.

Case Study: Improved waste management in Kiribati

Tonga Solid Waste Management Project

Tonga Solid Waste Management Project

Tonga's main island and home of 50% of the population, Tongatapu, faced a significant waste disposal crisis. An AusAID- funded project has shown how an integrated approach can maximize the opportunities to improving the entire system. While the project is still only 50% complete, preliminary indications show it to be a model of methodology for these types of major system up-grades.

Semi-aerobic (Fukuoka) Landfill Management in Samoa

Semi-aerobic (Fukuoka) Landfill Management in Samoa

The Tafaigata waste disposal site in Samoa was transformed from a messy, smelly dump to a clean and sanitary semi-aerobic landfill structure using the Fukuoka Sanitary landfill method, which is the typical landfill method in Japan. The transformation process was funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), at a cost of only US$400,000 (consultant supervisor not included).

The transformation took place in two phases. The first one i setting up waste cell bunds, consolidating the soil "floor", installing the air ventilation / leachate collection pipes, a leachate collection pond, and all-weather access roads. The second phase included setting up the leachate treatment facilities. At the completion in December 2005, the project was handed over from JICA to the Samoan Government.

Case Study: Semi-earobic Fukuoka Landfill Management in Samoa

POPs in PICs

In the early to mid 1990s, recognizing the potential threats to Pacific Islanders' way of life from waste management practices, the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) developed the "Persistent Organic Pollutants in Pacific Island Countries" (POPs in PICs). The aim of the POPs in PICs project was to reduce the threat to human health and the environment posed by POPs and related chemicals. The nine-year project was funded by the Australian Government (AusAID) to a value of approximately AUD 6.5 million and implemented by SPREP.

The project was implemented in 13 of the 21 Pacific Island members of SPREP, and included Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. Key partners in each PIC generally included the National Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Environment Agencies, the Government of Australia through AusAID and GHD Pty Ltd—the Australian Managing Contractor who provided the technical support and advice for the project.

Case Study: POPs in PICs Project (extracted)
Project Completion Report GHD
POPs final assessment AUSAID