Invasives Alien Species (IAS) project has had a long "gestation" period: the first Global Environment Facility (GEF) project proposal was developed by SPREP in 1999; the last effort started in 2008, under the GEF 4 Programme, culminated in the approval in 2010.
GEF 4 Programme is also known as Pacific Alliance for Sustainability (PAS).
The GEF PAS IAS project aims to build IAS management capacity at regional level aimed principally at biodiversity protection, but which clearly has benefits for social and economic reasons too.
Through more than one hundred activities in the ten participating countries, this project will focus on key interventions through the following components:
Component 1: FOUNDATIONS
1.1. Generating support
1.1.1 Project activities maximize community involvement in planning, implementation and monitoring as appropriate. Cook Islands and Samoa will implement at least one primarily outreach focused project.
1.1.2 Eighty % of management projects will implement outreach to ensure that the importance of IAS environmental, social and economic impacts is more widely understood.
1.2. Building capacity
1.2.1 National invasive Species Coordinators are appointed and multi-sectoral national invasive species committees are formed for seven participating countries and carryout regular meetings 2 or more times per year
1.2.2. Seven participating countries update or write National Invasive Species Strategies and Action Plans to ensure a high quality & that they are harmonized with the regional Guidelines for Invasive Species Management in the Pacific.
1.2.3 Training/capacity needs are identified and training programs for key invasives management issues are developed and implemented in Kiribati, Niue, PNG and Samoa.
1.2.4 National invasive species management facilities and equipment are reviewed, and development plans produced, facilities improved in Niue and Kiribati.
1.2.5 Niue contributes to the improvement of and or learn to use national and regional identification, management and information tools for invasives a.g. PESTLIST, GISIN, GISD.
1.2.6 Kiribati uses regional invasives services to strengthen its capacity for planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating its invasive species activities.
1.3. Legislation, policy and protocols
1.3.1. Invasive species legislation, regulations or protocols are consolidated, harmonized and rationalized to improve IAS management effectiveness in at least four countries.
Component 2: Generating baseline information, prioritizing, carrying out risk assessments, and doing basic research
Component 2. PROBLEM DEFINITION, PRIORITIZATION AND DECISION-MAKING
2.1. Baseline information and monitoring
2.1.1. Surveys or monitoring systems are implemented in 5 countries to document the status and/or impact of invasives and native biodiversity in marine and terrestrial sites (including protected areas), include in local or regional databases All countries will implement monitoring as part of management under component 3.
2.2.1 Establish risk assessment systems for Niue. See also 1.2.2
2.3. Research on priority invasive problems
2.3.1. Investigate the biology, ecology and control methods of priority invasives in order to support effective management in Samoa and Vanuatu as detailed in the deliverables. See also best management practices 3.2.1
Component 3. MANAGEMENT ACTION
3.1.1. Inspection and treatment procedures are improved to ensure that invasives are not transferred from one country to another or between islands of the same country. The general strategy will be tried in Kiribati but specific measures for high risk taxa identified apriori are under 3.1.2
3.1.2. Early detection and rapid response (EDRR) procedures are established for priority potential invaders (e.g. snakes, ants, mongoose, plants etc) for the 5 countries identified in Appendix 6 of the Project document. 2.2.1 Establish risk assessment systems for Niue. See also 1.2.2
3.2. Management of established invasives
3.2.1. Best practices are determined and implemented for invasive species management of priority species and sites identified in Appendix 6 of the Project Document .
3.2.2 Priority invasive species are eradicated (completely removed) from islands where feasible (7 projects in 5 countries identified in Appendix 6 of the Project Document).
3.2.3. Biocontrol agents are developed and released for appropriate target invasives for targets in 3 or more countries.
3.2.4. Invasive species are contained within limited areas or controlled at high biodiversity sites (two sites idenfied apriori) but more may be identified in the course of the project. See link with 3.3.1.
3.3.1. Restore two forest sites and biodiversity in Samoa after invasive species management is carried out.
The three project components reflect the three thematic areas of the Guidelines for Invasive Species Management in the Pacific.
Download the IAS Project Document