Pollution and Waste

In order to limit the increasing pollution that is growingly affecting our environment, different Conventions have been adopted by the International community in the last fifthy years both at a regional and at a global level.

Pollution means the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the environment which results or is likely yo result in such deleterious effects as harm to living resources and hazards to humans health. Accordingly, pollution is a broad phenomen: it can originate from different sources and have variable impacts on different environments.

In order to analyze the international existing regime for preventing pollution is worth to consider the different instrument in relation to the type of environment that they intend to protect or to type of pollution they intend to avoid: 

Harzardous Waste and Pollution
  • Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
  • Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade, 1998
  • Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants,2001 (POPs)
  • Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM)

Marine Pollution

  • International Maritime Organisation Conventions
  • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982 
  • Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA), 1995
Atmospheric Pollution
  • Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, 1985
  • Montreal Protocol, 1987 


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