PIGGAREP 6th Multipartite Review (MPR) Meeting

The Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Project (PIGGAREP) 6th Multipartite Review (MPR) meeting was held in Nadi (Fiji) on 12 – 16 August 2013. The meeting, held once every year, is the highest policy level meeting of the partite directly involved in implementation of the PIGGAREP project. This meeting also served as a face-to-face meeting of the 1st Project Board for 2013.

The PIGGAREP is a GEF funded regional project being implemented by UNDP (through the UNDP Samoa MCO) with SPREP as the implementing partner. The goal of this project is the reduction of the growth rate of GHG emissions from fossil fuel use in the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) through the removal of the barriers to the widespread and cost effective use of feasible RE technologies. The specific objective of the project is the promotion of the productive use of RE to reduce GHG emission by removing the major barriers to the widespread and cost-effective use of commercially viable RE technologies (RETs)

The PIGGAREP is now finishing its 6th year of implementation and this meeting provided an opportunity to critically review the overall project status (technical/operational & financial) and recommended strategic approaches to enhance overall project performance and implementation at the regional and national levels for the remaining one year and a half until the end of the project (December 2014).

The meeting was structured in three parts:

  1. The MPR meeting focused on evaluating results oriented progress at the overall project and strategic approaches for future activities at regional and country levels, including the Project Board meeting;

  2. The PIGGAREP Plus Inception Workshop, including specific session for gender sensitizing of PIGGAREP Plus Logframe; and

  3. Working sessions with the PIGGAREP national coordinators to: (a) enhance technical and operational capacities; (b) discuss the exit strategy for PIGGAREP (inclusive of PIGGAREP+); and, (c) discuss the preparations for the PIGGAREP terminal evaluation.

The objectives of the working sessions
  • Review progress and results for the 6 outcomes of the project in the last year and over the 6 years of project implementation in all participating countries in regards to promotion of the productive use of RE to reduce GHG emission by removing the major barriers to the widespread and cost-effective use of commercially viable RE technologies (RETs).
  • Review progress on the recommendations from the last project board meeting in December 2012 and the 5th MPR meeting in August 2012.
  • Share experiences and lessons learnt among the PIGGAREP countries in the implementation of regional and national activities under the 6 project components and also with regional
  • Provide training on technical and operational aspects of the project to PIGGAREP project coordinators and project
  • Conduct the SIDS DOCK PIGGAREP+ project Inception Meeting focusing on the project work plan, budget and
  • Define actions and strategies for gender mainstreaming in the PIGGAREP+ project.
  • Discuss with national coordinators and partners feasible solutions to technical difficulties in project implementation

The MPR was attended by representatives from all eleven participating countries (Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, RMI, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu).  The UNDP Multi-Country Office in Samoa, the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Program (SPREP) and Partners, Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), IUCN and University of the South Pacific (USP) also attended the MPR.  ______________________________________________________________________
Gender Mainstreaming for the Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Project (PIGGAREP)

The PIGGAREP team comprising 11 national coordinators and the PIGGAREP Project Management Office, UNDP MCO, Samoa and UNDP Asia Pacific Regional Center RTA attended a three-day workshop (13-15 May) in Nadi with the objectives of:  

(1) understanding better how to mainstream gender equality issues into PIGGAREP; and
(2) incorporating gender indicators into the project’s logical framework (logframe)

The participating PIGGAREP national coordinators were from  Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu. The workshop was facilitated by Karen Bernard from UNDP and Katalaine Duaibe from UNWomen.

During the workshop, participants learned about some renewable energy projects in which gender issues are well addressed, such as the Barefoot College project (an initiative from India for mature women) in which grandmothers are trained on assembly and maintenance of renewable energy systems to install in their villages; and Grameen Shakti project, in which young women are trained as solar engineers.  In group work, participants reflected on the obstacles which are currently hindering gender mainstreaming in the PIGGAREP project and collectively brainstormed some approaches to surmount these obstacles.

Gender photo - 640x480i web

Presentations were made on basic gender concepts, as well as more advanced concepts such as the difference between women’s and men’s practical needs and strategic interests. Participants were advised to find ways to address both of these dimensions in their PIGGAREP activities in country, while keeping in mind that for long-term change to occur, strategic interests must be addressed over the medium term.  Information was provided and discussed on relevant international frameworks and national commitments undertaken by Pacific island countries, which entail gender targets.

One of the main workshop outputs was the development of a PIGGAREP logframe that included gender indicators., The indicators were developed collectively through group work, with feedback from the facilitator. Participants also acquired and practiced the use of several gender analysis tools, including sex-disaggregated activity analysis, project impact assessment and a 24-hour gender clock.

The workshop evaluation noted that participants reported an almost 40% increase in their knowledge of gender analysis tools, and a 36% increase in their ability to revise a project or document to take into account gender considerations, as a result of this training.  Further follow-up activities are envisioned, to consolidate the skills gained in this workshop.

Green fale in Tuvalu to showcase benefits of saving energy (Issue 13 - June 2013)

A new renewable energy project in Tuvalu takes the saying "Home is where the heart is" one green step further. Tuvalu will be building a renewable energy fale that will feature energy efficient appliances to demonstrate the benefits of living in a home with 'green' technology.
Once built, the fale will be open to people for visits to learn more about the benefits of having a green home, it will also serve as an educational tool for school children.

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Community-owned micro-hydropower in the Solomons (Issue 12, May 2013)

bulelavata damRepresentatives of SPREP and the Governments of Vanuatu and the Solomon Government recently completed a study tour of Solomon Islands Community Owned Micro-hydropower projects.

One place visited was Bulelavata, a community on the New Georgia islands in Roviana Lagoon. A microhydropower system that was installed and commissioned in 2000 provides approximately 24kVA of electricity to around 100 households, one health clinic and Beulah High School. The system is owned, operated and managed by the community. The project was developed and implemented through an NGO which later ceased to exist but the community contributed largely through free labour and supply of local materials at no cost.

Photo: Bulelavata dam

Dynamic stability study completed for energy in Niue (Issue 10 – March 2013)

solar arrays in niueA Dynamic Stability Study has been submitted to the PIGGAREP (Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Project) project in Niue.

The study has determined how to avoid running a second diesel generator and found the limit for the maximum amount of renewable energy that can be integrated into the Niue power system is 400 kW (from a total peak load of 480 kW).

Photo: Solar arrays in Niue

Wind Monitoring in Vanuatu (Issue 9 - Feb 2013)

wind monitoring vanuatuThe Energy Unit of the Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources in Vanuatu oversaw the successful installation of six wind monitoring masts in six different provinces of Vanuatu.

The wind monitoring stations will be collecting wind speed and other related parameters over the next 24 months. This data will be analysed to determine if the sites receive enough wind to be viable for electricity generation. Information gathered will also support Vanuatu in producing a country-wide wind map and identifying potential investment projects for wind energy.

All the installations were successfully completed, despite delays caused by the late arrival of required material and the rugged terrain making it difficult to access the site locations.

Funding for the installation was provided by a partnership between the SPREP Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Project (PIGGAREP) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Tokelau becomes World’s first 100% solar nation (Issue 8 – Dec 2012)
solar arrays in tokelau
It may sound unbelievable but right now the entire population of Tokelau is enjoying its electricity from the sun. There is no more polluting diesel being burnt in the country's three power stations anymore.

The Tokelauan people themselves saw the need to be part of the global community in mitigating the build up of greenhouse gases. Now the Tokelau Renewable Energy Project is providing solar power to more than 1,400 Tokelauans across 3 separate atolls.

SPREP was present at the official launch of this project that will result in a reduction of 940 tonnes of green house gas emissions every year. A new era of renewable energy for Tokelau has begun.

Photo: Solar arrays in Tokelau

Wind Monitoring Towers and sensors installation in Vanuatu completed (Issue 6 - Oct 2012)

The PIGGAREP (Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Project) is a continuation of the close collaboration between SPREP, UNDP and the GEF to build the capacity of the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) to deal with the challenges of Climate Change. The global environment and development goal of PIGGAREP is the reduction of the growth rate of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fossil fuel use in PICs through the removal of barriers to the widespread and cost effective use of feasible renewable energy (RE) technologies. The specific objective of the project is the promotion of the productive use of RE to reduce GHG emissions by removing the major barriers to the widespread and cost-effective use of commercially viable RE technologies (RETs).

Vanuatu is one of the participating PICs in the PIGGAREP and one of the activities in its 2011/2012 Work Plan and Budget is a Wind Power Monitoring Development Project.

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PIGGAREP focuses on strategic way forward (Issue 5, Sept 2012)

The fifth multipartite review meeting for the Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Project (PIGGAREP) was held in Savaii, Samoa from 20-24 August 2012.

After the opening prayer delivered by Reverend Suieva Gogo, Dr. Netatua Pelesikoti, Director of the Climate Change Division at the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), welcomed participants and partners, saying, "The development of renewable energy is key to achieving your national development goals, while at the same time demonstrating our commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions."

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PIGGAREP emphasises gender during review meeting (Issue 5, Sept 2012)

The need for disaggregated gender data was highlighted as a key issue among discussions held at the fifth Multipartite Review (MPR) meeting for the Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Project (PIGGAREP) in Savaii, Samoa.

Commenting in an attempt to increase the focus on women, Ms. Nileema Noble, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Resident Representative , said, "This remains a significant gap in the project that needs to be addressed immediately, going beyond training to ensure that disaggregated responses are put into design, implementation and monitoring and evaluation processes."

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Renewable Energy Activities supported by PIGGAREP in Tonga (Issue 4, Aug 2012)

Tonga has embarked on a major renewable energy campaign with a target of having 50 percent of its electricity from renewable energy sources by 2015.

The Government sees the impact of the volatile world fuel price that filters through to the retailing outlets and electricity tariff rates charged by the Tonga Power Limited (TPL) and recognises its moral duty to mitigate the build up of anthropogenic greenhouse gases.

Every year the country undertake an inventory on its Net Anthropogenic Emissions by Sources and Removals by Sinks of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) not controlled by the Montreal Protocol. This is part of their obligation since it was acceded to the  United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change as a Non-Annex 1 in 1998.

Non-Annex 1 Parties are developing countries recognised by the Convention as being vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change, including those with low-lying coastal areas and those prone to desertification or drought; others include those heavily reliant on income from fossil-fuel production and commerce.

Tonga is working to achieve its campaign goal through one of its major renewable energy projects, the Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Project.

“Productive Use of Renewable Energy” (PURE) is one of the country’s major strategic priority that PIGGAREP is aiming to attain as well. Since its inception in 2007 PIGGAREP in Tonga has implemented five incremental activities as value added to its country-initiated renewable energy programmes.

These activities include technical training and awareness on Photovoltaic Technology Applications for solar water pumping and solar street lighting, Tonga Solar Home System technical inspection and standardization, National Renewable Energy Survey, Feasibility Study on the rehabilitation of the Mango and Mou’unga’one Photovoltaic projects, and Financial Management Training for Renewable Energy Service Company in Tonga.

PIGGAREP comprises of 10 other island countries in the Pacific pursuing the same end goal to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by at least 30% by 2015.

The project is funded by the Global Environment Facility and implemented by the United Nations Development Programme and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme.

Feasibility study - could coconut oil be a solution to Kiritimati Island’s Energy Security Problem? (Issue 3, July 2012)

Socio-economic development in Kiribati is being bogged down by the country‘s limited natural resources; minimal potential for economies of scale due to its very small market size; and the sparsely populated remote island settlements. With such a negative scenario, Kiribati‘s power and transport sectors are seriously affected.

The high costs of fuel supply in small scale operations are effectively being translated to high costs shouldered by domestic end-users, and it would be safe to say that this could be the reason for Kiribati imposing the highest electricity tariffs in the world.

Kiribati‘s energy security is vulnerable to volatile world  oil prices and if there is a global energy crisis, Kiribati is highly likely to be one of the first to be cut off from the oil supply chain.

Energy is crucial for economic development in any state, regardless of size. With the identified barriers to economic advancement, the question remains as to whether there are options to enhance Kiribati‘s energy security. This needs investigation into the economic and technical viability of the only natural resource available in Kiribati that can substitute fossil fuel - coconut oil (CNO).

The Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Project (PIGGAREP) had commissioned a feasibility study in late 2011 and early 2012 into the use of coconut oil to substitute fossil fuel in Kiritimati Island (Line Islands in the far east of Kiribati) for power generation and transportation.

This feasibility study, conducted by Gehard Zieroth, concluded that CNO is technically, economically, socially, institutionally and environmentally feasible, hence could address the energy security issues of Kiritimati Island and the whole of Kiribati.

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Family man happy with newly installed solar purifiers (Issue 2 - June 2012)

Fredrick Cook, a father of nine would go a long way in ensuring there is quality water for him and his family.

Like other small islands in the Pacific, Mr. Cook‘s island home Nauru faces water problems and has many water safety and conservation concerns. Under the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change Project newly installed solar purifiers have helped address these concerns and for Mr. Cook, this has helped supply more quality drinking water for him and his family.

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Pacific Islands roll out the International Year of Sustainable Energy for All (Issue 2 - June 2012)

In 2010, the United Nations General Assembly designated 2012 as the International Year for Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All), in recognition of the growing importance of energy for economic development and climate change mitigation.

The Pacific launched this initiative in Suva on the 18th May 2012 joining the rest of the world in fostering concrete actions that will see the achievement of the three objectives of SE4All.

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PNG Biodiesel of Kulili Estate in Karkar Island (Issue 1 - May 2012)

Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) realize the importance of energy as a driver to economic activities in these small island states. With the adverse impacts of climate change, one cannot rely on fossil fuel alone.

All these PICTs voted to shoulder the commitment to reduce their use of fossil fuel and increase on their renewable energy uptake and put more emphasis on energy efficiency practices.

The PICTs are telling the rest of the world that they are more vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change but emit less than 0.03% of the global total of greenhouse gas (GHG).

Not only is that, but the volatility of the world oil prices show negative effects on the economies of the small island states in the Pacific.

These island state Governments are pursuing opportunities to increase economic development via a more sustainable mean.

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